This information was compiled by law students of the National Lawyers Guild, using statutory law, case law, and the work of numerous legal and non-legal organizations across the country, notably, the National Lawyers Guild San Francisco Bay Area Chapter. While the information here is up-to-date through August 2012, it is possible that substantive changes have been made to the laws since it was last updated. Please keep this in mind while using this online resource. Source and reference information will be provided for most of the content in this manual to help you verify that the information is still good before relying on it.
This publication was created for use by transgender community members and allies, service providers who work with the transgender community, and attorneys and legal workers who provide advocacy and legal services to members of the transgender community. For purposes of this resource, the word “transgender” is used as an umbrella term that includes transgender, gender variant, and intersex people who are at any point of self-identification or physical transition. Occasionally, the text will refer to individuals as “he or she” or “his or her.” This reference does not indicate that a statement applies exclusively to persons who identify as male or female, but instead is used for legibility and accessibility.
The information in this publication does not constitute legal advice; instead, it is meant to serve as a resource to help understand the landscape of transgender law in a particular area, and to help connect readers with the current information needed to verify law or navigate a particular situation. Although we hope that this resource assists service providers and community members in locating information and resources, it is important to note that only licensed attorneys are authorized to give legal advice. If you have a question of law that is outside of the scope of information provided in this text, you may wish to consult or refer your client to an attorney or, if you are a client, to contact one of the legal support agencies listed in this publication. Many of the organizations listed in this text provide referrals to attorneys who are familiar with transgender law and working with the transgender community.
For questions, comments, corrections, and suggestions, please contact us.
USING THIS PUBLICATION
This online resource was created to be a first-stop reference for lawyers, service providers, and community members who need legal information about a transgender-specific issue or question of law. For ease of use, the content has been divided by common problems or needs. Case law, statutes, print and web resources, and other service organizations can be found embedded throughout the document, referenced in the footnotes, and listed in the the back of this publication.
This resource was created by and for people in the San Francisco Bay Area, and therefore much of the information is specific to California and San Francisco Bay Area resources and law. We hope that this publication will also be a helpful resource to readers outside of California as well because it includes information that is nationally relevant. However, it is important that these readers pay close attention to what information appears to be specific to California or the Bay Area, and not presume that the local information contained in this document will transfer to other cities and states. Readers outside California are encouraged to use the national resources listed in this publication to locate up-to-date information about the laws and precedent in their state or city.
It is important to note that, although the researchers who assembled this information did their best to be accurate on points of both black letter law and how the law tends to play out in the real world, there may be inaccuracies and nothing in this text should be relied on as legal advice. Legal advice can only come from a lawyer. This publication is, however, a good starting place to understand the law and how it affects transgender people and communities in California and the Bay Area specifically.
FINDING THE LAW FOR FREE
Legal documents, such as cases and statutes, are public documents. This means that everyone (members of the public) has the right to research and read these documents. The problem is that sometimes these documents can be hard to find or access.
If a case is cited in this document and a person wants to find and read the actual case, one can follow a series of steps. The first step is to avoid getting flustered by the complicated series of numbers, letters, and punctuation that follows the name of the case. The next step is to simply go to http://scholar.google.com/, click the “Legal opinions and journals” button and type in the volume number, the journal name, and the page number from the case citation. For example, to find the case of State v. Jordan, 742 N.W.2d 149 (Minn. 2007), one ignores the name of the case (State v. Jordan), and instead copies the volume number (742), then journal name (N.W.2d), followed by the page number (149). Those three things are all that is needed to find the case on Google Scholar. Sometimes the journal name will be different, but as long as the right information is copied into the search bar, Google Scholar should be able to pull it up.
Again, the information in this publication is not legal advice. We hope that transgender individuals and their allies will use this text as a first step for beginning to understand applicable law, and identify when legal help is needed.
Many transgender people report barriers to accessing legal services for a number of reasons. The cost of hiring a lawyer is a major issue for many, along with fears that lawyers will not be respectful of transgender clients, will not know enough about how laws specifically affect transgender people, or that the court system is prejudiced against transgender people. While all of these fears are justified, attorneys, activists, and advocates across the country are making huge strides in increasing legal services and resources for transgender people. Many states have lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) bar associations that can be helpful in locating legal information or finding lawyers who are knowledgeable about transgender law and sensitive to the specific concerns of transgender clients. Many of the organizations listed in the resource section at the end of this text are happy to assist individuals in finding legal services. Although legal services often seem too expensive, there are a lot of organizations and individual attorneys committed to making justice more accessible. You may be eligible for pro bono (free of charge) representation or fee structures that work for you (such as contingency fees, where you only pay if you win your case). Additionally, many attorneys are happy to meet with potential clients for free to assess your case. This can be a good way to learn more about your options and whether it's worth it to you to pursue legal action.
A NOTE TO PROFESSIONALS
This publication was designed to be a resource to clients, but it is our hope that service providers and legal professionals will also find it useful. Attorneys may find this document to be a helpful starting point for legal research and a useful tool for locating additional resources. All manuals in this series contain footnotes to case law, law review articles, and statutes that we hope will assist you. As with any compilation of research, attorneys are urged to check all cited law before relying on it to make sure there have not been substantive changes and that it will apply to a client's particular case. Many of the organizations listed in the resource section of this document provide assistance to attorneys representing clients, and can be excellent sources for information and insight. When advocating for transgender clients, attorneys can educate the court and the public by using an appropriate name and pronoun for their client in court and other proceedings.
Transgender Law Center's California Transgender Law 101 fact sheet provides a helpful, brief review of California state laws as a starting point for research on legal issues affecting the transgender community.